KINSHIP TERMS

TERMS THAT ARE USED TO DESCRIBE THE NUMBER OF PARTNERS A PERSON HAS.

Monogamy: marriage of one man to one woman. 

Polygamy: having more than one spouse at a time.

Polygyny: when one man has two or more wives.

Polyandry: where one woman has more than one husband. 

TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE CHOICE OF PARTNERS

Endogamy: this is the custom where a partner must be chosen from an exclusive group such as a religious community. 

Exogamy: this is when a partner must be chosen from outside one’s group, tribe, or class. 

TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE AUTHORITY FIGURES IN THE HOME

Patriarchal: this is where the father (male figure) is the head of the home, tribe, or family.

Matriarchal: this is where the mother (female figure) is the head of the household. 

Equalitarian: this is where equal authority is shared between mother and father. 

TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE LINES OF DESCENT

Patrilineal: this is where the inheritance, privileges, and duties of descent are given to the male.

Matrilineal: this is where it follows the female line.

Bilineal: it follows both the male and female lines.

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