Urbanization is the mass migration of people from rural areas to urban areas. People are attracted to urban areas because of:

Job availability
Higher wages
Educational reasons (to go to college/university
Availability of better health, schools, housing, and recreational facilities
Entertainment and nightlife

The negative impact of urbanization

Overcrowding in cities
Increased pollution
Increased pressure on the educational system
Traffic congestion
Increase in crime
Development of squatter settlement especially in suburban areas

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